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'Mom, why is water falling from the clouds?' This is a phrase that our children have probably asked us more than once. And possibly, after a brief explanation about the rain, and the water cycle In general, the little ones in the house have wanted to know more and more.
Although children acquire this type of knowledge at school, they are always willing for their family to tell them everything that has to do with it. hydrological cycle and that magical way that sea water evaporates, condenses and becomes a cloud that will then sprinkle the earth with rain.
To explain this very useful concept to our children, the first thing we have to do is introduce them to the water itself in all its forms, in order for them to understand the process later. Relating the concepts of the water cycle with real life will help them to understand it if they also have fun.
Explaining each form that water is capable of giving -through it in a real way, or with illustrations-, will make the transformation that water can bring a lot of attention:
-The liquid state of water: It is the simplest, since they themselves can feel that water with which they bathe, that they drink, and with which they get wet when it falls from the clouds.
-The solid state of water: All children are struck by a ice, which they can easily recognize, and what to say about the snow. In this way they will also understand their status. Also, seeing with your own eyes how it melts will make you understand the previous one, or the next.
-The gaseous state of water: So that children can understand why the water of the seas evaporates and then turns into precipitation, we can do the test with them with a container or a wet cloth in a window, in this way they will understand it easily.
Once they have understood this, we can move on to the order of the water cycle itself, which we will do through drawings for our own. To begin with, we have to go step by step, even granting eyes, mouth and 'life' to each of the elements: the sun, rivers, seas and clouds, among others.
It is also necessary that we establish directions through arrows so that they do not lose the dynamics and the path of the hydrological process.
- Drawing 1: The sun evaporates the sea water. To make it much more fun and dynamic for them, we can draw a 'Mr. Sun' who sucks with his large mouth the water that we can see placidly in the mar. With arrows marking how water in the seas or oceans rises upward, children will understand why water turns into gaseous particles.
- Drawing 2: Condensation from clouds. These previous particles, which we can draw with fun colors that arrive from the sea to the sky, are the ones that will later become clouds. In addition, we cannot leave aside another fundamental character: the wind, which will be the one that drags the clouds to different parts of the earth.
- Drawing 3: Cloud precipitation. The rains or precipitations are those that fall from the clouds that have formed with the gaseous particles from the sea, and that will return to the land. We can draw funny drops, happy to fall back to where they came from. Here we can remind the little ones that water can be liquid, or turn to ice or snow depending on the area.
- Drawing 4: In this, we can continue with the raindrops who fell very happy from the clouds, and who have returned to earth, filtering into it to return home to the sea. So we will continue to have a place to bathe in summer.
- Drawing 5: The rivers. So that children do not get lost in that only seas can be created, we also have to understand the part of the rivers, since these raindrops that fall from the clouds also give rise to the rivers and springs. This process is called infiltration, and it is what ensures that even though these aquifers form, they return to the sea as well and the cycle is completed.
You can read more articles similar to How to teach children the water cycle, in the On-site Learning category.